The history of antique Russian thimble

  • 2011-04-23

    Everyone knows what needs thimbles. In the box of our grandmothers among threads and needles, always was a small metal cap on the origin of which few of us know.

    The first thimble invented the Chinese over 2000 years ago. There are opinions that the thimbles used Byzantine seamstresses and other dannyam - these antiques have appeared in Europe in the XVII century. The first written mention of thimbles in Russia are found in Iveron monastery, founded by Patriarch Nikon in the XVII century, in the account book for 1669. Then for the needs of the monastery, standing on the island Ryabinovaya Valdai Lake, was purchased 300 sewing needles and 40 thimbles.

    The oldest thimble on Russian territory has been found in Novgorod, he refers to the XIV century. Russian thimble not immediately become a man that knows him now. At first, a word called bludgeon used in the fistfight. With archery, on his right thumb wore a ring which also was called "thimble".

    Delivery of thimbles in Russia established in the XVII century from Europe. And in 1632 a merchant from Holland Vinius, 15 km from the town of Tula, built a metallurgical plant on the river Tulila, which is located between the villages and Slobidka Torhov. During excavations, archaeologists, among other things, found a thimble made of bronze.

    In addition to its direct purpose - to protect the fingers from needle pricks when sewing, thimbles, used as decoration. In the XVIII century became fashionable travel bags, original containers with sets of supplies for sewing, as they were toilet articles. Small travel bags are the adornment of the festive attire and worn on a thin chain attached to a belt. In such containers were exquisitely decorated with stones, thimbles, made of precious metals.

    Since the XIX century thimbles began to make jewelry shops of Saint-Petersburg, Moscow, Vladikavkaz and Great Ustyug. Oddly, no one source makes no mention of thimbles, made famous jeweler Faberge. No illustrations, which would be depicted the thimble, and in numerous books written about the firm of Faberge. Although E. Pine argues that the global auction seller is unknown to us put a lot, made one of the famous jeweler Faberge Michael Perkhin around 1900 - the golden thimble with a silver sheath, covered with blue enamel.